Technology is rapidly evolving. So much so that annual predictions of trends can seem to be ahead of time before they go live on print media. As technology evolves, it enables even faster progress and change, causing an acceleration in the rate of change as well, so much so, that it eventually becomes exponential.

However, tech-based careers do not change at the same speed but they do evolve accordingly. Any IT professional recognized that their role will not stay the same as they will constantly be learning out of necessity if not desire to keep up with the modern world.

This means that we need to stay current with technology trends and keeping and eye on the future by knowing which skills we’ll need to know along with what types of jobs you want to be qualified to do. Here are some technology trends you should watch for in 2019 and some jobs opportunities that will be created because of these trends. So, prepare for the future by training for one of these emerging jobs.

1. Artificial Intelligence (AI)

In recent years, Artificial Intelligence has received a lot of buzz especially with science fiction movies giving us an idea of what it is. It is a trend that effects how we work, play and live even in its early stages. Plus, there have been other branches of AI developed, which include machine learning. When it comes to Artificial Intelligence, it is basically computer systems build to mimic human intelligence and perform tasks on a faster and more accurate level reducing the human error part of the equation. One of the main purposes of AI is automation which will potentially lead to job loss. Experts say that it will eliminate more than 73 million jobs by 2035. However, it will also equally create as many jobs such as development, programming, testing, maintenance and support just to name a few.

2. Machine Learning

Machine Learning is simply a subset of AI. With Machine Learning, computers are programmed to learn something they are not programmed to learn: They literally learn by examining patterns and insights from data. In general, we have two types of learning, supervised and unsupervised. While Machine Learning is a subset of AI, we also have subsets within the domain of Machine Learning, including neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and deep learning. Each of these subsets offers an opportunity for specializing in a career field that will only grow. Machine Learning is swiftly being deployed in many different industries, creating a large demand for skilled professionals. The Machine Learning market is expected to grow to $9 billion by 2022. Machine Learning applications are now used for data analytics, data mining and data pattern recognition. On the consumer end, Machine Learning powers web search results on Google for example, real-time ads on social media and network intrusion detection, to name only a few of the many tasks it can do.

3. Blockchain

Most people think that blockchain technology is related only to cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. However, its main purpose is to offer security that is useful in so many other ways. For example, blockchain can be described as data you can only add to, not take away from or change. Hence the term “chain” because you’re making a chain of data which cannot be broken but only added to. This is what makes it secure plus, they are consensus-driven which means that no entity can take over the data. Lastly, you don’t need a third-party to over see or validate transactions. This is why it is used for cryptocurrency and can play a huge role in protecting information.

4. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Augmented reality is used to enhance an environment in which a user is immersed by virtual reality. Today, VR is primarily used for gaming up till along with virtual simulation and training. VR and AR have tons of potential in training, entertainment, marketing, education and even rehabilitation after injury. Doctors can train with is, tourists can visit new places from where they are and enhance other experiences as well.

5. Internet of Things

Internet of things is the future of all technology. Many things now build have built in WiFi connectivity, which means they can be connected to the internet. Hence, this means if they can be connected to the internet, they can exchange data as well and that is just the beginning. We will exceed over 30 billion devices by 2020 connected to the internet. Consumers are already benefitting from IOT. They can lock their doors remotely if they forget, turn on air conditioning on their way back from work, track their fitness and even control their laundry. Although it sounds like a game you’d play on your smartphone, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the future. Many “things” are now being built with WiFi connectivity, meaning they can be connected to the Internet—and to each other. Hence, the Internet of Things, or IoT. IoT enables devices, home appliances, cars and much more to be connected to and exchange data over the Internet. And we’re only in the beginning stages of IoT: The number of IoT devices reached 8.4 billion in 2017 is and expected to reach 30 billion devices by 2020. The IoT can enable better safety, efficiency and decision making for businesses as data is collected and analyzed. It can enable predictive maintenance, speed up medical care, improve customer service, and offer benefits we haven’t even imagined yet. However, despite this boon in the development and adoption of IoT, experts say not enough IT professionals are getting trained for IoT jobs.